In century XIX, women and children were used to work of 14 the 16 daily hours, exerted the same function of the man, however they received remuneration inferior and they were not accepted in the leadership of the syndical fights. In 8 of March of 1857, laboring of the textile industry of New York hardly they had been 1857 restrained by the policy when they carried through a walk demanding the reduction of the hours of working for 12 hours. The author still approaches that in Brazil, at the beginning of century XX the women tecels or dressmakers participated of the movements strikers, being that the conquests reached they benefited to women and men differently. For Hobsbawm the woman had a crucial paper in the society, since the same one contributed in concluding way in the economy since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution where men, women and children worked in favor of the economic growth of the Inglaterra.As women, according to author, those of the layers poor had occupied the market of work in the women soon were even so not incorporated the historiografia for the Annales, these, however, they contribute so that this if materialize in a next future. In Vainfas (1997, p.226) the movement feminist came out in the United States where (…) the claims of the women had provoked one strong demand of information, for the students, on the questions that were being argued (…) many of that they had written the history of the women consider involved in an effort highly politician to defy the dominant authority in the profession and the university and to change the way as the history of the women when it operates with sort concepts is come back toward the concerns contemporaries of the feminine politics it delayed to happen, therefore the metropolis forbade the establishment of plants in our territory, so that the Brazilians consumed the manufactured products Portuguese. .