In 1939, thousand of sertanejos rebelled with the Portuguese who only explored the place and infuriated traders with the policy that if atrelava to these for the power, had taken Caxias, one of the main cities of the Maranho and had instituted its provisory government there. However three years later the government it sent to the city its forces to fight this movement, resulting in death arrest of many of these. In century XIX, the main wealth of the country started to be the coffee and, the farmers cafeicultores southwestern of the country were the ones that they ordered in everything. These supported the authority of the emperor, that is, the central government was supported for the men richest of Brazil. Being already Dom crowned Peter II, he almost remained per fifty years thanks to this ' ' aliana' ' in the reign. In exchange guarantee the repression against any revolt that came to harm this group.
However, at least a revolt it occurs in this period, happens in Pernambuco, known as the Praieira, influenced for the agitations politics of the Europe if characterizes against the extreme one to be able of central government e, searched the magnifying of the rights of the citizens, including in its claims the universal suffrage; the end of the slavery and the distribution of lands to the poor families. Soon the government intervined, ending the movement. Brazil that already had started to receive immigrants European, attracted for the country for promises of lands, they had started to occupy not yet busy areas, concentrating itself in its great majority in the regions south and Southeastern. Many however, had been taken by farmers to work in its farms, therefore who possua the land and to did not occupy, exploring its resources for the government, could loses them. Of this form, that many large estate owners had been losing its lands to the point of the captainships to be extinct.