SUMMARY This work was carried through through the field research, having applied 30 questionnaires, that will deal with the thematic quality of life as factors ambient partner, which this related to ambient, social the questions, politics, economic and cultural that intervene with the life of children of the Municipal School Manoel de Paula Menezes Rasp located in the city of Lagarto/se, where these children and young possess a social vulnerability on-line generality, these also possesss its conditions not reasonable. In this research also it comes to deal with the quality life as an individual reality where these children possess factors that individually take they terrible conditions of life, as the use of drugs, the lack not to have or to possess good habits to like to practise physical activities, or not to have the taste of a good diet, that these evidence the thematic ones that they can be worked in the school for a good education of our pupils. WORDS KEY: Physical activities. School. Styles of life. Quality of life.