The neurosis of individuals can be understood as a whole. Humanity is prisoner of the past in the same sense that our hysterical patients suffer from reminiscences and cannot escape its past. Thus, the submission of all cultures to its cultural heritage is a neurotic constriction. The repressed unconscious that produces the neurosis is not individual but collective. Why ontogeny summarizes the phylogeny (each individual summarizes the history of the race): in the few years of childhood must cover the enormous distance of development from primitive stone age man to civilized man of our day. Here follows the theory of neurosis must embrace a theory of history; and at the same time a theory of history must include a theory of neurosis. Why religion is regarded as a neurosis or a substitute satisfaction as poetry, dreams, and neurotic symptoms: are expressions deformed by the Suppression of the immortal longings of the human heart.
For Freud the Judaism and Christianity are part of the psychological and historical truth, and the same Marx speaks of religion as the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a ruthless world. Historians have not accepted to Freud, but poets, so for Joyce, history is a nightmare from which I try to awaken, and Nietzsche sees history as the history of a neurosis in constant growth dynamics being a sense of guilt, always on the increase and which according to Freud is a magnitude that the individual can hardly withstand. Man is the only being who makes history, and to make it man makes himself, and this is supported by the man’s desire of becoming anything else than it is, which is an unconscious desire. Real transformations of the story aren’t aware of human agents desires, and it is what Hegel calls the cunning of reason. Today humanity continues to make history without any conscious of what idea in reality you want, or under what conditions would be unhappy; What in fact does is apparently becoming more unhappy itself and call that progress unhappiness. Augustine recognizes the dissatisfaction and human restlessness in the inquietum cor, the psychological origin of the story. Unless labour brought to the man most colossal achievements should find another truer definition of the essence of the man; Freud suggests that it is the love that has been since the beginning of the story, and it has been hidden force that provided the energy devoted to work and make the story; and thus repressed eros is the energy of the story, and sublimated eros is work. The man is not satisfied with meet your conscious desires; i.e.
it is not aware of their real desires. The psychoanalytic cure seeks to liberate man from the burden of your past that forces him to continue taking history, and helps to deepen its historical consciousness, filling the gaps of memory, until it wakes up from its history as a nightmare. Consciousness Psychoanalytical is thus a higher stage in the consciousness of humanity. The dead of the past hand claw can be opened, and man would be ready to live instead of making history, to enjoy instead of paying old debts and to enter that State of being that it is the goal of its evolution. Original author and source of the article