It has 367. 628 inhabitants (2009), and is the center of a metropolitan area of approximately a million and half of inhabitants. Capital of Italy between 1865 and 1871 during Italian unification, in the Middle Ages was an important cultural, economic and financial center. He met his period of greatest splendor after the establishment of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under the rule of the Medici dynasty. Florence is the urban core in which the artistic movement called Renaissance originated in the second half of the 14th century, and is considered one of the cradles of world art and architecture.
Its historical centre was declared world heritage in 1982, and include medieval and Renaissance works such as the dome of Santa Maria de el Fiore, the Ponte Vecchio, the Basilica of Santa Croce, Palazzo Vecchio and museums such as the Uffizi, the Bargell or the Gallery of the Academy, which welcomes the David de Miguel angel Se knows, that on November 4, 1966, as a consequence of heavy rains, the city He suffered the strongest flood in its history when the Arno reached 4. 500 m/s, submerging the historic. At some points such as the Piazza di Santa Croce water exceeded 5 m of height. Damage to the historic heritage (Ponte Vecchio, Duomo, Signoria) were substantial. There was no warning from the authorities who knew that the flood would be produced, except for a call to the Jewelers del Ponte you Vecchio. Throughout the city there are small plates on the walls indicate the maximum level that reached the water. It is very true when you point, Florence is a city known worldwide for its artistic and architectural heritage.