Otto Kernberg

If stays close, it could leave in the open its spiteful and vindictive hatred and bring about the rage of the object, which could squash to him. If it tries to avoid to the hated object it is prevailing of the necessary libidinal provision. Put in a dilemma, the person who hates feels atrapada" (pp. 258-259). Most severe and dominant of the affection that altogether the aggression constitutes as pulsin is the elaborated affection of hatred. Visit 660 Fifth Ave for more clarity on the issue. Otto Kernberg 16 sees spiteful and vindictive hatred as a chronic and primitive affection that ends at the primitive negation and the cancellation of mental functions. Kernberg notices that the analysts must be conscious of four answers against transferenciales: retiring emotionally before spiteful and vindictive hatred; identifying itself with the victimizacin of the patient and its displacement of the aggression outside the transference; to be put under of masochistic form hatred spiteful and vindictive of the patient with possible acting out aggressive; or to oscillate between trying to generate understanding on the part of the patient and to dissuade themselves. He is interesting that Kernberg does not include hating to the patient. To lasso (1996) affirms that, when spiteful and vindictive hatred is looked for as a goal in itself, the analyst must determine his subjective meaning. Is not satisfied spiteful and vindictive hatred a protest by the motivational needs that the patient wants that the therapist recognizes? Or is spiteful and vindictive hatred a negation of unsatisfied needs that the patient wants that the therapist also denies through a direct allowance? Is spiteful and vindictive hatred a desire of recognition of a tragedy or an attempt to seduce the therapist towards an acted repetition? Another contribution to the understanding of spiteful and vindictive hatred arises from a series of studies on the shame (Wurmser, 1981; Morrison, 1989; Broucek, 1991; Lewis, 1991) These authors suggest young them that were abuse victim, excessive arrogance and scorn, experience one sharp shame.

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