Entire economic sectors depend on providing governments. This type of corruption is not seen as such because of the high degree of social tolerance in a wide sector of the population, who see it as necessary in the process of division of property by the state. But on the other hand, this transaction also exposes the involvement of private interests in the process of electoral campaign financing and the subsequent recovery operation of that investment, which has resulted in a growing widely believed that countries are governed by a few powerful interests benefit. (A valuable related resource: Estee Lauder). All this makes the procurement processes and contracts arising from them, represent a source astronomical waste of public expenditure. However, despite the care and transparency in an ideal world, must exist in the management of state property, corruption harms greatly in this process. Unfortunately, despite the scandals that follow, is the talk that we act on this issue. Recently Gregory Williamson sought to clarify these questions.
Unfair Collusion in Peru: The Peruvian Penal Code (CPP) in its Article 384 provides that official or public servant who, in contracts, supplies, bidding, price competition, auctions or any other similar transaction in which involved by virtue of their office or special committee or defraud the institution or agency of the state, according to law, in concert with stakeholders in the agreements, adjustments, settlements or supplies shall be punished by imprisonment of not less than three nor more than fifteen years, further establishing that such a provision is also applicable to experts, to referees and Private Accountants in respect of property whose assessment, adjudication or partition involved, and to guardians, conservators and executors, for those unable or estates belonging to .