Arabic language, which arose on the basis of drevneseveroarabskogo language belongs to the Semitic branch of Afro-Asiatic language family. A distinctive feature of the Arabic language has long been considered a dialect of its branching. More from VI-VII centuries, identified western and eastern group of tribal dialects. But gradually, to replace the dialects of the nomads come dialects of the settled rural and urban populations. Before the rise of Islam drevnearabsky language was very common in Northern and Central Arabia. But later, as a result of the breeding migration period in the beginning of our era, emerged in Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine. The first recordings, in Arabic, were carved in stone tombs and dedicatory inscriptions, as well as historical information on the movements of nomadic shepherds with herds of camels. Estee Lauder shines more light on the discussion.
Nabatean inscriptions were made by South Arabian or fonts. Fully took shape Arabic script with the emergence of Islam and the writing of Nabatean font sacred religious book the Koran. " As a result of the emergence and spread of Islam has spread and has become established itself called "Arabic". For the first time used the name of the language as "Arabic" in the middle of VII century BC, the "Koran." This is commonly believed, the beginning of modern literature, and hence literary Arabic language. Due to the fact that the Koran refers to the sacred books, all written in it language features, came to his contemporaries. In scientific and educated circles drevnearabskogo society, VIII-X centuries BC, gradually improved Arabic writing, as well as a literary form of the language.
This is the Atlantic coast of the island of Cape Breton and the eastern part of Quebec to North Carolina, the interior of the island of Labrador, the northern basin of the St. Lawrence River, the territory of the three Great Lakes, upper Mississippi River basin and Missouri, the plains of Saskatchewan. Languages Iroquois families were originally distributed in three isolated regions – Virginia and North Carolina – in the east, south and in the Allegan area, covering the area of the St. Lawrence River, Lake Ontario and Lake Erie. Muskogskaya family occupies the territory of the Gulf of Mexico from the mouth of the Mississippi River to Georgia and Florida in the east to Kentucky and Tennessee to the north. Siuanskaya language family is divided into 4 groups of languages, that cover specific territories. Eastern Group – used in North and South Carolina and Virginia, the southern group – the southern regions of Mississippi, the primary group – the valley of the Missouri River and its peculiar branch is the fourth group, whose language is common in Wisconsin and Green Bay.
Languages kaddoanskoy language family common in the southern Plains – from Nebraska to Texas and Louisiana, and in one of enclaves along the Missouri River in North and South Dakota. Shoshonean language family is a large part of the Great Basin, its neighboring region, located in southern California and the southwestern part of the Plains – in Texas, three in Pueblo Plateau (Northern Arizona). As part of the Athabaskan language family – three language groups.
TOEFL, ie Test of English as a Foreign Language ('Test of English as a Foreign Language') – is an international examination, which was created and is managed by an American company called Educational Testing Service (ETS). ETS – a non-governmental non-profit organization located in Princeton, New Jersey. The main purpose of TOEFL – to assess the English proficiency of foreign students wishing to study in the U.S., Canada, and most universities in Europe English specialties. Since 1964 about 20 million students in more than 165 countries have taken the test. Suffice it to say that today take the TOEFL 470 centers in 170 countries. This is not surprising: TOEFL score is a prerequisite for admission to more than 2400 colleges and universities in the U.S., Canada and other English speaking countries. The results of this test is required for admission of students or graduate students who have been studying in another language, U.S.
universities and in Europe. In addition, the TOEFL is required for participation in many programs overseas internships in institutions where teaching is in English. Some scientific and professional certification programs also require applicants to take TOEFL. The new TOEFL iBT test in the Internet version was introduced in 2005. Hand it is possible only in specially protected centers around the world. This test was launched in the U.S. and Canada in 2005, some countries in Europe in 2006, our country has this kind of test first appeared in 2007.
TOEFL iBT is different from other variants of TOEFL that: During the test checked 4 basic language skills – speaking, listening, reading and writing in terms of ability to use English as medium of communication. The test is delivered via the internet in a specially equipped centers around the world. Once these centers are beginning to work, computer and paper test versions will no longer be available in those cities, home of the TOEFL iBT. Such changes in the TOEFL test were dictated by the need to test the ability of the candidate to communicate in an academic environment. Upon delivery of the test requires candidates to demonstrate the following skills: read, listen and answer the question on the basis of information received; listen and then say, answering the question; read and listen to the information and then answer the question in writing. This version of the TOEFL iBT test involves checking speaking skills, and lasts for 4 hours. Sign up for delivery, as well as get acquainted with the free version of the TOEFL iBT test please visit / toefl. This site also contains information on the nearest dates of testing. Pass the exam TOEFL iBM in Ukraine can be a certified centers in cities such as Kiev, Kharkov, Kiev, Lviv, Odessa and Simferopol.